Well, we all know about liposuction. It is a procedure to remove fat from your body using suction. During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes (cannula) are inserted through tiny cuts in the skin. Fat is extracted out of these tubes as the doctor moves the tubes around under the skin to target specific fat deposits. A person can undergo liposuction in any parts of the body be it face, arms, breast, stomach, legs or you name any part. In recent years, improved techniques have made liposuction safer, easier, and less painful. These newer techniques include:
- Tumescent liposuction. In the procedure, local anesthesia is used to numb the area of your body where the tube will be inserted. Next, a large amount of an anesthetic solution containing lidocaine and epinephrine is injected into the fatty tissue before traditional liposuction is done.
- Ultrasound-assisted liposuction. In this special procedure, ultrasound is used to liquefy the fat, which makes it easier to remove. This technique may be particularly helpful in removing fat from the upper abdomen, sides, and back.
- Laser-assisted liposuction. This technique uses low-energy waves to liquefy the fat, which is removed through a small cannula.
It is the most common type of procedure. However, you will have to consult the surgeon first for the procedure. The surgeon will evaluate your body and suggest the type of procedure for you. In general, it does not require an overnight hospital stay unless a large volume of fat is being removed. Local anesthesia is used in some cases. After the procedure, the area of the body that was treated is firmly wrapped to help reduce swelling, bruising, and pain. Elastic bandages and tape, support hose or another type of firm-fitting garment may be used, depending on which part of the body was treated. You may have to wear the compression garment or wrap for 3 to 4 weeks. Fluid may drain from the incision sites for several days. You may be given medicine by the surgeon to reduce any type of swelling and pain.
The main purpose of liposuction is to contour one or more areas of your body. Mind it, liposuction does not reduce body weight. Liposuction is typically used on problem areas that have not responded well to diet and exercise. These areas are often on the outer thighs and hips on women and the waist and back on men. The face, neck, abdomen, back, buttocks, legs, and upper arms are all commonly treated areas.